Infants in families who participated in an intensive new parent home visiting program involving both nurses and lay educators used significantly less medical services during the first year of life, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

The families that received the services were one-third less likely to visit the emergency room in their child’s first year and made fewer visits to primary care doctors as compared to peers who did not receive the services. The findings are published online by the journal Pediatrics.

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